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Anzhella Pankratova
Content Author at OpenCV.ai
Top 5 Examples Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare

Examples Of AI In Healthcare

Explore the impact of AI on healthcare, showcasing advances in drug development, robotic surgery, personalized medicine, disease detection, and wearable devices. This article covers the benefits and challenges of integrating AI, offering ideas on how to improve patient care and streamline medical processes.
March 7, 2024


We know how important it is to make healthcare accessible to everyone and help people stay healthy for as long as possible. Fortunately, technology is advancing rapidly, and today, many areas of medicine are being transformed by artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence and Healthcare today cannot exist without each other, as this combination has a direct impact on the health and well-being of our society. The process of diagnosing diseases and creating professional treatment plans is being optimized. This article will look at five examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare and how AI makes it more accurate.

1. Drug Discovery and Development

Artificial intelligence (AI), including generative AI in healthcare, is used in the pharmaceutical industry to help discover and develop new drugs. Historically, bringing a new drug to market has been a complex, time-consuming, and financially costly process. On average, the journey from drug discovery to approval takes 12 to 15 years, with an investment of approximately $2.5 billion. In addition, the development success rate could be much higher, with about 90% of drugs failing to make it through clinical trials. AI has a life-changing role to play in the conditions of increasing complexity, rising costs, and high failure rates.

Generative AI is now optimizing the initial stages of the drug development process. By utilizing AI, pharmaceutical companies significantly reduce the time and costs associated with drug discovery and preclinical testing. Generative AI models process massive amounts of data to identify promising drug candidates and predict their interactions with biological targets much faster than traditional methods. This accelerates the identification of viable compounds and enables rapid optimization of their molecular structures to improve efficacy and reduce side effects.

In this way, AI can shorten the multi-year timeline traditionally required for a drug to reach clinical trials. AI can accelerate the discovery and preclinical research phases, reducing time and costs by at least 25-50%. For example, Insilico Medicine used AI to take a drug for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis from discovery to Phase I clinical trials in just 30 months - a timeline significantly shorter than the industry average.

However, the promising potential of AI in drug discovery has its challenges. The technology's reliance on data patterns means that it sometimes suggests impractical or impossible compounds. Overcoming these obstacles requires a nuanced understanding of molecular structures and integrating additional AI tools to refine suggestions.

As AI technologies improve, their integration into drug discovery and development workflows promises to open a new era of pharmaceutical innovation in the field of AI in medicine, making the journey from lab to market faster, cheaper, and more successful.

2. Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery allows doctors to perform complex surgeries with greater precision, flexibility, and control. In this approach, surgeons use a computer to control small instruments attached to robotic arms. The system's main component here is a camera arm that captures 3D images of the surgical site inside the body with high clarity and magnification.

AI can be integrated into robotic surgery, improving the accuracy, efficiency, and accessibility of surgical procedures. AI can quickly process and learn from extensive data and utilize the knowledge gained from many surgeries, continuously improving. Surgeons benefit from this vast repository of surgical knowledge regardless of their geographic location or level of experience.

Also, AI's ability to analyze large amounts of data allows it to identify new surgical techniques and standardize practices worldwide, says Forbes. By studying a wide range of surgical procedures, AI can locate the most effective strategies, including those not previously considered by human surgeons. In addition to improving surgical techniques, AI significantly reduces surgeons' cognitive and physical workload. AI can guide complex surgeries in real-time, precisely identifying optimal instruments and methods. This support minimizes the cognitive load on surgeons, allowing them to focus on the core aspects of surgery, reducing tiredness and improving patient outcomes.

AI has a significant impact on the democratization of surgical care. Currently, two-thirds of the world's population lacks sufficient access to surgical care. AI-assisted robotic surgery is a vital innovation, enabling surgeons to extend their expertise beyond traditional boundaries and deliver high-quality care worldwide.

3. AI in Health and Personalized Medicine

Artificial intelligence (AI) transforms healthcare into more personalized and patient-centered care. Personalized medicine is a model that tailors medical treatment to the individual characteristics of each patient. Using AI in healthcare, providers can develop customized treatment plans that are more effective and efficient, taking into account a patient's unique genetic characteristics, lifestyle, and medical history.

AI is advancing personalized medicine through its ability to process and analyze massive amounts of data quickly. It can sift through complex data sets, including genetic information, electronic medical records, and even doctors' notes, to identify patterns and correlations that may not be obvious to humans. This in-depth analysis can help determine the most effective treatments for individual patients, reducing trial and error. For example, AI algorithms can predict a patient's response to a medication based on their genetic information, allowing for more accurate and personalized prescribing.

An example of AI-assisted personalized medicine is the treatment of certain types of cancer. For example, IBM Watson for Oncology is used to help treat cancer by providing physicians with evidence-based treatment options. In one case, a patient with a rare form of leukemia was misdiagnosed and treated for a different type of cancer. When AI was used to analyze a patient's genetic data along with extensive cancer databases, it identified the correct form of leukemia and suggested an alternative treatment plan. This has led to significant improvements in patient outcomes.

One significant limitation is the potential for bias in AI algorithms. AI may develop biased models if the data used to train these systems is not diverse and representative of the entire population. This may result in differences in the effectiveness of individual treatment plans among different demographic groups, including race, gender, and socioeconomic status. Using diverse data sets and continually improving AI models to mitigate these biases is critical. AI and healthcare continue to redefine the future of medicine, offering unprecedented opportunities for improved patient outcomes and healthcare efficiency.

4. Diagnosis and Disease Detection

In a recent exploration of AI applications in Agriculture, we delved into the role of Computer Vision in identifying diseases affecting livestock and crops. This application of AI doesn't stop there - it's also revolutionizing the healthcare sector for humans.

AI has enhanced the ability of healthcare professionals to diagnose and detect diseases, including various forms of cancer. AI algorithms for image analysis are now integral tools for interpreting medical images such as X-rays and MRIs. Algorithms offer a level of accuracy that sometimes exceeds human capabilities, facilitating earlier and more accurate diagnoses.

AI algorithms are trained to recognize patterns and anomalies in massive medical image data sets. This training allows them to detect signs of diseases such as tumors, fractures, and abnormalities that may be invisible or easily escape the attention of the human eye. Deep learning and convolutional neural networks have significantly improved the sensitivity and specificity of disease detection in medical imaging. Early detection is critical in diseases such as cancer, where the timing of diagnosis can dramatically impact a patient's outcome.

One such Deep Learning model is EfficientNet, which is widely used to recognize diabetic retinopathy. You can read about how it is technically implemented for this task in the article “EfficientNet for diabetic retinopathy.”

A prime example in disease diagnosis and detection is Google's DeepMind AI. In collaboration with Moorfields Eye Hospital in London, DeepMind has developed an artificial intelligence system to analyze eye images with expert-level accuracy. This artificial intelligence tool was designed to identify over 50 eye diseases based on digital retinal scans, provide treatment recommendations and prioritize patients requiring immediate care. This adoption of AI in ophthalmology illustrates the broader potential of AI tools and software to transform disease detection and diagnosis.

By helping to detect diseases early, AI algorithms play a critical role in ensuring timely intervention and improving patient prognosis. As AI technology continues to evolve and integrate into clinical workflows, its impact on early disease detection and diagnosis is expected to grow, marking a significant step forward in the quest to improve healthcare services.

There is a limitation - the "black box" of many artificial intelligence systems, where the decision-making process is not apparent. Lack of interpretability can undermine trust between physicians and patients. Healthcare providers may hesitate to rely on a diagnosis that does not provide a clear explanation, or that cannot be easily understood and verified.

5. AI Wearable Devices

AI transforms patient care outside traditional healthcare settings by integrating wearable sensors and internet-connected devices. This innovative application of artificial intelligence facilitates continuous and remote patient monitoring, especially useful for people with chronic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease.

Wearable technology powered by AI for healthcare provides a non-intrusive means of monitoring patient vital signs and activity. From tracking heart rate and blood glucose levels to analyzing physical activity and sleep patterns, these devices help prevent disease through monitoring. When AI detects patterns or fluctuations that may indicate a health problem, it can immediately alert healthcare professionals or caregivers, allowing quick and potentially life-saving action to be taken.

Consider the example of wearable wrist sensors designed to monitor activity and behavior. These devices study a person's daily routine, establishing a baseline of regular activity against which future behavior is compared. When AI algorithms detect deviations from this baseline, such as falls or unusual lack of movement, they can alert caregivers or family members, immediately checking the user's well-being.

Another example is the use of continuous glucose monitors by patients with diabetes. These wearable devices provide 24/7 glucose tracking by directly transmitting data to a smartphone app where artificial intelligence processes the information. The system alerts patients when glucose levels exceed predetermined thresholds, allowing for better disease control and reducing the risk of serious complications.

AI-enabled wearables are reducing the need for emergency medical care and potentially saving lives. Moreover, by enabling remote patient monitoring, these devices reduce the burden on hospital resources, facilitating more efficient healthcare delivery. Most importantly, they empower patients to actively manage their health and improve their overall quality of life.


By improving the accuracy, efficiency, and accessibility of diagnostic processes, AI technologies promise earlier disease detection, personalized treatment plans, and improved patient outcomes. Examples of AI's impact—from revolutionizing clinical diagnosis with computer vision to optimizing drug development and transforming robotic surgery—highlight these technologies' potential to improve healthcare delivery significantly.

However, the journey toward fully realizing this potential has its challenges. Ensuring that AI systems comply with medical regulations and ethical standards is critical. In addition, ethical issues related to decision-making in patient care, the role of AI versus physician judgment, and informed consent for AI-based treatment need to be carefully considered.

Additionally, challenges related to data privacy, algorithmic bias, integration into clinical workflows, regulatory barriers, and ensuring equitable access highlight the complexity of implementing AI in healthcare. These challenges require a thoughtful approach, including ongoing collaboration among technologists, healthcare professionals, ethicists, and policymakers to shape the future of AI in medicine.

Discover the potential of integrating AI into your healthcare projects with the help of OpenCV.ai, implementing Computer Vision Services. Our team specializes in leveraging computer vision to enhance healthcare solutions. To learn more about our consulting services, visit our Services page with our Portfolio and take the first step towards transforming healthcare delivery.

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